Independent Means Visas

Ecuador offers several income-based residence permits, each of which requires an income equal to three times the Ecuadorian minimum wage of US$460 a month (2024).

The visas offer a path to permanent residency in two years and citizenship in four.

Note, however, that Ecuador applies strict physical presence requirements of 275 days per year at both the temporary and permanent residence stage and that, moreover, the Ecuadorian passport is among the continent’s weaker travel documents.


Program at a glance

Program TypeIndependent Means Visa
Time to citizenship4 years
Time to permanent residency2 years
Minimum investmentNone. Proof of income equal to 3 minimum salaries (US$1,350 a month)
Physical presence requirement275 days a year
Application processing time2-3 months
Citizenship grants visa-free travel to92 destinations
Contribution types availableNo investment required

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